Climate change is making environmental disruptions more extreme and frequent, affecting infrastructures that can have safety and well-being implications on the population it serves.
In recent years, and as we have seen on news headlines, high-intensity storms, severe wildfires, and high coastal waters have caused massive disruptions in communities worldwide. Studies have shown that this climate trend will continue, and infrastructure should adapt and build resilience to these future scenarios.
Because infrastructures are interdependent and linked to one another, doing adaptation in one area – in this case, building a seawall to protect against rising sea-levels, can lead to flooding in other communities along the coast and can affect traffic beyond the flood hazard zone.
A new study examines the disruptive effects of climate adaptation on infrastructures – particularly on the road traffic in the San Francisco Bay Area already battling sea-level rise.
The study used a coastal storm modelling system to model the hydrodynamic impacts of each county’s coastal protection and a simulation of potential traffic impacts based on the present roadway infrastructure and existing commuter data. Integration of the coastal modelling and result of the simulation allowed them to see how one county’s decision to build or not to build shoreline protection affects local drivers’ travel times.
The finding of the study shows that when a county decides to protect their shorelines, it will cause increased flooding in their neighboring counties. However, when a county chooses not to protect their shorelines, flooding of critical infrastructure will occur in their area which will push their drivers to find other routes – routes that sometimes cannot handle high volumes of traffic which can result in congestion and longer travel times up to 10.7%.
The study demonstrates the complexities when predicting the impacts of climate change on infrastructure, considering its interconnectedness. It emphasizes the need for holistic and strategic approaches from policymakers when adapting infrastructures to climate change.
To read the entire study, click the link below: