As the world heats up due to the onset of climate change, efficient heating approaches are needed to combat the adverse effects of heat especially in developing countries and reduce the harmful and heat-causing gases used in airconditioning and refrigeration appliances.
According to an article on the Kigali Cooling Efficiency (K-CEP) website, the world’s 30 hottest cities are in developing cities.
Developing countries are also more disproportionately affected by hot days and high temperatures. Heat stress is becoming an increasing burden due to the onset of climate change.
Heatwaves lead to deaths no matter what country it hits and affect the most vulnerable groups of society – the elderly, women, and the poor.
Cooling and refrigeration have many useful and critical applications like food storage and preservation of medicines and vaccines.
Many studies also show that a cool and comfortable classroom improves students’ concentration leading to better academic performance.
At work, adequate cooling, especially in hot countries, can lead to increased productivity and contribute to a country’s economic growth.
On days with average temperatures above 65°F, people start to turn on their air conditioners. Hydrofluorocarbons (HCFs), a common refrigerant used in airconditioning is 10 thousand times more powerful than CO2 in causing global warming. HCFs also accounts for about 20% of climate pollution by 2050.
K-CEP is partnering with 44 developing countries worldwide and sets up a program with its funding partners to support the Kigali Amendment of the Montreal Protocol. The Kigali Amendment, which took effect on 1 January 2019, will phase down the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), a potent global warming causing gas and a common refrigerant.
According to their website, 17 foundations and individuals have pledged $51 million to help increase the energy efficiency of cooling in developing countries.
The program recognises the need to extend access to cooling to developing countries by supporting locally-owned cooling solutions. Making cooling energy efficient is a huge task and would require continuous funding and support.
To read the entire article and to know more about K-CEP, click this link: Why Cooling
Converting to energy-efficient cooling systems will cut down significant greenhouse gas emissions or as much as 460 billion metric ton, according to the UN Environment Programme and the International Energy Agency report, Cooling Emissions and Policy Synthesis.
It will also allow savings of $2.9 trillion by 2050 from electricity generation and distribution costs. And an investment of $1 trillion could increase GDP by 3.5%, decrease global carbon emissions, and created millions of job. One of the ways to transition to climate-friendly refrigerants is through upholding the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, the report says.
Practical ways that countries can implement the Kigali Amendment is to apply a minimum efficiency-performance standard, energy-efficient labelling, and promoting building codes that lower the use of refrigerants and mechanical cooling.
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