The Philippines submitted a climate change resilience program proposal to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) in 2017, which details their climate adaptation and mitigation goals.
The GCF is the world’s largest fund set up by the United National Framework Convention of Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2010 to help developing countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emission and build their capacity to adapt to the effects of climate change.
The GFC regularly seeks high-quality project proposals from developing countries battling the effects of climate change. In 2014 it amassed USD 10.3 Billion worth in pledges from developed countries. The fund’s purpose is to finance climate actions in the least developed countries (LDC’s), small island developing states (SIDS), and the African States identified as highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
The Philippines’ project proposal to strengthen the resilience of its most vulnerable coastal communities for GCF funding has two main goals.
- The first is to reduce emissions through forestry conservation and land-use management, and
- the second is to increase the resilience of its coastal communities and ecosystems.
The project is planned for the duration of six years, starting from the year 2017 to 2022.
The Philippines’ vulnerability is due to its location within the “pacific ring of fire,” a horseshoe-shaped ring in the pacific ocean associated with oceanic trenches, volcanic belts and plate movements where many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.
The Philippines also lies in a direct typhoon path. An average of 20 storms visits the country each year that results in 0.5% GDP losses every year.
Most of its population growth happens in coastal areas, which are also waterways and landslide-prone locations increase the countries vulnerability and losses to extreme natural events.
The project proposal has the following objectives to strengthen climate resilience and to help the country adapt to climate change.
- To enable the most climate-vulnerable coastal communities to manage disaster risks of climate change;
- Increase and improve its coastal resources particularly mangroves to help them withstand climate change impacts as well as improve coastal ecosystems; and
- To establish an enabling environment and institutional arrangements for continued resilience building in the country’s coast.
The specific activities and its timeline under each objective shows a map that shows where mangroves will be planted and developed, and the project’s budget and relevant information are shown in the concept note
The Philippine Government also has a dedicated website that shows all its GCF funding proposals, concept notes, and approved GCF climate change projects in the country.
For transparency, to make sure the funds are used as intended and the project implemented, the GFC website states that “fiduciary standards and ESS are applied, and an external audit report is submitted… the project or programmed becomes effective, and the process of monitoring and evaluation commences and continues until the project or programmed closes and exits the Fund’s portfolio.”
To read the entire Philippine Concept Note and project proposal, CLICK on the link below:
Skyline of the City of Manila, seen from the Cultural Center of the Philippines by Mike Gonzalez (TheCoffee) – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11360261
The Rizal Monument by Mikepua – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21434158
Skyline of Manila as seen from Harbour Square by Lawrence Ruiz – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=90051802