Vertical forests are high rise buildings that incorporate trees and plants in urban architecture. The vertical forest is a brainchild of Italian architect Stefano Boeri to combat climate change.
A prototype was constructed four years ago in Milan Italy which housed around 21 thousand plants and became home to 20 bird species.
Instead of glistening buildings made of glass and steel, vertical gardens look like tall or raised forests as greenery drapes the building like a garment.
Plants and trees have been used in landscape design usually for aesthetic purposes, but this time vertical gardens, design buildings to optimize plants’ function to absorb carbon dioxide, produce oxygen, and regulate urban temperatures.
Mr Boeri says that although cities around the world cover 3% of the Earth’s total land area, however, it consumes 70% of energy and produces 75% of carbon dioxide emissions which contributes to climate change and the urban heat island (UHI) effect.
The video below, features the top 7 vertical cities in the world, its many benefits to urban residents, and why they are the future of cities.
PHOTO CREDIT: By Plflcn – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78135427