As we have mentioned in several articles on the Climate Adaptation Platform site, the Pacific Islands are highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. The Pacific peoples are already feeling the effects of climate change daily. They are living amidst climate change, as pacific island articles tell us.
The occurrence of natural disasters is making things worse for them. Their geographical location and the islands’ small size make them at the forefront of any natural disasters.
The “Framework for Resilient Development in the Pacific: An Integrated Approach to Address Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management” (FRDP) was created to provide guidance and support for building resilience to climate change and disasters in the Pacific Islands region.
Small island developing states (SIDS) has been recognized as a particular case for environment and development because of “their small size, limited resources, geographic dispersion, and isolation from markets, place them at a disadvantage economically” (FRDP, 2017).
The frequency of natural disasters and extreme weather conditions like severe rainfall or drought have degraded their soils and ecosystems, impacting their ability to produce food and thus threatening their food security, according to the Framework.
Below are some notes on the FRDP document:
- The Framework also mentioned that increasing ocean temperatures are causing acidification, killing their coral reefs, and affecting their fish harvest, which Pacific islanders are highly dependent on with their subsistence and livelihoods.
- The impacts of climate change have undermined the pacific island’s sustainable development or any economic breakthroughs. Although Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) face the same levels of exposure, their levels of vulnerability depend on their environmental, social, and economic capabilities.
- Everyone has a role to play when it comes to who is responsible for dealing with these climate risks and threats of disasters, from the national to subnational governments, administrations, private sectors, civil society, and communities. Everyone must work together to deal with this critical issue facing them.
- Recognizing the significant overlap between climate change adaptation and disaster risk management, the Pacific leaders came together during the Pacific Island Forum Leaders Meeting in 2012 to develop a single integrated framework that integrates the two concepts. Thus they created the FRDP.
- The Framework is voluntary and non-political that supports coordination and action on several key issues related to climate change and disaster risk management in the region and seeks to “provide high-level strategic guidance to different stakeholder groups on how to enhance resilience to climate change and disasters.”
- The Framework presents guiding principles that are central to its implementation. The first is integrating climate change and disaster risk management and mainstreaming into development planning, including policymaking, financing, and building resilience. Another is to strengthen and develop partnerships across countries and territories and share best practices and lessons learned.
The goals of the Framework
To enhance resilience for sustainable development and to eradicate poverty, they have set the following goals:
- Strengthened integrated climate adaptation and risk reduction to enhance resilience to climate change and disasters. Managing climate change risks through integrating climate actions within social and economic plans and practices as much as possible.
- Low-carbon development. this includes more resilient energy infrastructure while decreasing net emissions of GHG.
- Strengthened disaster preparedness, response and recovery. Involves the improvement of the PICTs to prepare and respond to emergencies and disasters.
For countries that are vulnerable to climate change and disaster and would like to strengthen their climate adaptation and resilience program, the FRDP document is a good resource or reference.
You may browse the entire FRDP document by clicking on the image below:
Framework for Resilient Development in the Pacific: An Integrated Approach to Address Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management (FRDP) [PDF File]. (2017). Retrieved from https://tep-a.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/FRDP_2016_finalResilient_Dev_pacific.pdf
The Framework for Resilient Development in the Pacific. (n.d.). Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat. Retrieved from https://www.forumsec.org/the-framework-for-resilient-development-in-the-pacific/