Integrating Climate Actions and Disaster Risk Management in the Pacific

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Integrating Climate Actions and Disaster Risk Management in the Pacific

As we have mentioned in several articles of the Climate Adaptation Platform site the Pacific Islands are highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. In fact, the Pacific peoples are already feeling the effects of climate change daily. They are living amidst climate change now as pacific island articles tell us.

The occurrence of natural disasters is making things worse for them. Their geographical location and the small size of the islands makes them at the forefront of any natural disasters.

To provide guidance and support for building resilience to climate change and disasters in the Pacific Island region, the “Framework for Resilient Development in the Pacific: An Integrated Approach to Address Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management” (FRDP) was created.

Small island developing states (SIDS) has been recognized as a special case for environment and development because of “their small size, limited resources, geographic dispersion, and isolation from markets, place them at a disadvantage economically” (FRDP, 2017).

The frequency of natural disasters, extreme weather conditions like severe rainfall or drought has degraded their soils and ecosystems, impacting their ability to produce food and thus threatens their food security according to the Framework.

Below are some notes on the FRDP document:

  • The Framework also mentioned that increasing ocean temperatures are causing acidification, killing their coral reefs, affecting their fish harvest which Pacific islanders are highly dependent on with their subsistence and livelihoods.
  • The impacts of climate change have undermined the pacific island’s sustainable development or any economic breakthroughs that they have. Although Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) faces the same levels of exposures, their levels of vulnerability depend on their environmental, social, and economic capabilities.
  • When it comes to who is responsible for dealing with these climate risks and threats of disasters, everyone has a role to play. From the national to subnational governments, administrations, private sectors, civil society, and communities. Everyone must work together to deal with this critical issue facing them.
  • In recognition of the significant overlap of between climate change adaptation and disaster risk management, the Pacific leaders came together during the Pacific Island Forum Leaders Meeting in 2012 to develop a single integrated framework that integrates the two concepts, thus they developed the FRDP.
  • The Framework is voluntary and non-political that supports coordination and action on several key issues related to climate change and disaster risk management in the region, and seeks to “provide high-level strategic guidance to different stakeholder groups on how to enhance resilience to climate change and disasters.”
  • The framework presents guiding principles that are central to its implementation. The first of which is the integration of climate change and disaster risk management, and mainstreaming into development planning that includes policymaking, financing, and building resilience. Another one is to strengthen and develop partnerships across countries and territories, and sharing best practices and lessons learned.

The goals of the Framework

To enhance resilience for sustainable development and to eradicate poverty, they have set the following goals:

  1. Strengthened integrated adaptation and risk reduction to enhance resilience to climate change and disasters.  Managing climate change risks through integrating climate actions within social and economic plans and practices as much as possible.
  2. Low-carbon development. this includes more resilient energy infrastructure while decreasing net emissions of GHG.
  3. Strengthened disaster preparedness, response and recovery. Involves the improvement of the PICT’s to prepare and respond to emergencies and disasters.

Countries that are vulnerable to climate change and disaster and would like to strengthen their climate adaptation and resilience program, the FRDP document is a good resource or reference.

You may browse the entire FRDP document by clicking on the image below:

Sources:

Framework for Resilient Development in the Pacific: An Integrated Approach to Address Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management (FRDP) [PDF File]. (2017). Retrieved from http://tep-a.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/FRDP_2016_finalResilient_Dev_pacific.pdf
The Framework for Resilient Development in the Pacific. (n.d.). Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat. Retrieved from https://www.forumsec.org/the-framework-for-resilient-development-in-the-pacific/

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