A recent study published on the website of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (PNAS) finds that soil moisture mainly dry soil can cause mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) or mega-storms to intensity.
Studying thousands of storms from satellite data in Sahel, Africa between 2006 to 2010, researchers see a strong link between dry soil states and strength of MCS.
MCS affects many parts of the world, including Africa, Australia, the Americas, and Asia and would leave significant damage to infrastructures and people’s livelihood. In Sahelian Africa, MCSs have tripled in frequency because of climate change.
Through this finding, scientists can develop better tools for forecasting the path and strength of a coming MCS, and it will inform alert systems for communities across Africa, giving communities up to six hours t prepare.
To read the entire study, click on the link below: